scope of research dissertation

“Critical thinkers” have the dispositions and abilities that lead them to think .. well as beliefs as the end point of a process of critical thinking (Ennis ; Bailin et al. .. tests of critical reading and evaluation and of critiquing an argument. Observational abilities require an understanding of the difference.

New York: Basic Books, Cory, Donald Webster. The Homosexual in America. New York: Greenberg, Pivotal American work appealing for an understanding of the homosexual. The Lesbian in America. New York: Citadel Press, Pioneer work, although Albert Ellis' introduction shows the bias of its time by offering psychotherapy as a cure. Valuable bibliography. Appendices relate to government employment and army regulations concerning homosexuals in the 's.

Cruikshank, Margaret. The Gay and Lesbian Liberation Movement. The movement viewed from a feminist perspective.

D'Emilio, John. New York: Harper and Row, Duberman, Martin. About Time: Exploring the Gay Past. New York: Meridian, A collection of historical documents from various sources and of essays by Duberman. Part three of the first edition JLE which consisted of extracts from Duberman's diary has been dropped from this edition in favor of additional essays. The bibliography prepared for his graduate course in gay and lesbian studies is appended.

Lesbian and gay life before and after Stonewall, as seen by six contemporaries. New York: Columbia University Press, Cultural history traces the development of lesbian subcultures and emphasizes diversity. Katz, Jonathan. Revised edition of a classic work invaluable to the study of gay and lesbian American history.

Gay and Lesbian Studies | The New York Public Library

Abundant primary material from arranged thematically. Updated bibliography. This collection serves as a companion volume to Gay American History. Kennedy, Elizabeth. Boots of Leather, Slippers of Gold. History of a working-class lesbian community in Buffalo, N. Anthology of fiction and nonfiction reveals the history of German lesbianism. New York: HarperCollins, Marotta, Toby. The Politics of Homosexuality. History of gay political activity in the United States from the 's to the 's. Norton, Rictor. London: Women's Press, Essays by various British authors. New York: Harrington Park Press, c Conduct Unbecoming: Lesbians and Gays in the U.

Military: Vietnam to the Persian Gulf. A short prologue adds an historical perspective from to Copious notes and a selected bibliography. Wheelwright, Julie. Boston: Pandora, Women who dressed as men throughout European and American history. Selected biographies, bibliography, and many illustrations. Bergman, David.

Clum, John M. Interprets the central works of gay male drama written by American and English playwrights from Annotated bibliography. De Jongh, Nicholas.

Not in Front of the Audience: Homosexuality on Stage. Male homosexuality as depicted in London and New York theaters from Butters, John M. Clum, and Michael Moon. Foster, David William. Extensive bibliography. Garber, Eric. Boston: G. Hall, Numerous biographical notes. Appendices list anthologies, films, videos, and fan clubs.

Chronological, title, and biographical indexes. San Francisco: Spinsters, Ink, Lesbiana: Book Reviews from the Ladder, Insightful amusing reviews of several hundred books and periodicals from the vanguard lesbian magazine. Literary collection on lesbian sexuality. Koponen, Wilfrid R. The coming-out experiences of gay men as depicted in six contemporary novels.

Houndmills, Basingstoke, Hampshire: Macmillan, Written by gay and lesbian contributors, the book contains chapter notes but no separate bibliography. Index of persons only. Rule, Jane. Lesbian Images. London: Pluto Press, , c The theme of lesbianism as seen in a variety of literary and nonfiction sources. Sedgwick, Eve Kosofsky. British anthology of writings about lesbians as writers, readers, critics, and characters in literature.

Zimmerman, Bonnie. San Francisco: Gay Sunshine Press, A collection of essays, short stories, and poems dealing with the gay black experience. Companeras: Latina Lesbians , compiled by Juanita Ramos.

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Bilingual collection of oral history, fiction, poetry, essays, and art by and about Latina lesbians. New York: Amethyst Press, London and Boston: Faber and Faber, An outstanding collection. Brief sketches of the poets are included. Gay Plays , edited by Michael Wilcox. London and New York: Methuen, Volumes JFK New York: Galiens Press, Lesbian Plays , selected by Jill Davis. London: Methuen, HBC A collection of stories, poems, and essays by and about gay Native Americans. Addendum includes contacts, resources, and a bibliography of sources and suggested reading.

London: Virago, S JFD New York: Plume, Throughout the centuries, homosexual literature has remained hidden in plain sight, never far from view but elusive to all except those who created and read it. Thus ghettoized, gay literature was the furtive province of imagined moral guilt and perceived deviant sexuality, inhabited by doomed homosexuals and social outcasts.

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The past twenty-five years have witnessed the emergence of gay literature from the realms of the clandestine into the maincurrents of cultural thought, and the establishment of a major literary movement with an ever-increasing canon of work. It is a movement that, by reaching deeply into the shared and individual experiences and complexities of homosexual life, is laying claim to all the potential for expressive thought that literature offers, taking issue with the untrue and illuminating the universal human need and desire for self-worth, affirmation, pleasure, gratification, and love.

It has been suggested that, like other literary movements, gay literature requires its own critical standard or aesthetic, an all-encompassing queer aesthetic. Others believe that gay literature should be held to the same critical standards as other literary movements. The debate over the purpose and future of gay literature and its relation to a larger cultural landscape will continue. A resolution to the conflict between gay assimilationists and gay militants over legitimacy versus liberation is nowhere in sight.

That the controversy can take place, and in the clear light of day, may be the most significant achievement of all. The following very selective, illustrative list of imaginative works of literature is chosen to provide an overview of modern gay and lesbian literature.

NB: Where appropriate, only one edition of a particular work is listed here; consult the catalogs for other editions. Allison, Dorothy.

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Baldwin, James. Giovanni's Room. New York: Dial Press, Brown, Rita Mae. Rubyfruit Jungle.

Stolen Child

Plainfield, VT: Daughters, inc. Cameron, Peter. Leap Year. Chambers, Jane. Last Summer at Bluefish Cove. New York: JH Press, Colette, Sidonie Gabrielle. The Pure and the Impure , translated by Herma Briffault. New York: Farrar, Straus, and Giroux, Cooper, Dennis.