scope of research dissertation

“Critical thinkers” have the dispositions and abilities that lead them to think .. well as beliefs as the end point of a process of critical thinking (Ennis ; Bailin et al. .. tests of critical reading and evaluation and of critiquing an argument. Observational abilities require an understanding of the difference.

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For quotes of more than three lines, set the quotation on a new line, without quote marks, and indented from the left margin like a block quote. For instance:. This applies when you name a poem in your writing, when listing poems in the Works Cited list, and when using titles within citations e. For single poems published as a standalone book, this is simple: just list the poem as you would any other book.

How to Cite Poems

The same is true when citing a poetry anthology with a single author though you may need to name the editor, too. But for shorter poems, the format will depend on where they are found. For a poem from a mixed anthology, the format is similar to referencing a chapter from an edited book :. Surname, First Name.

5b: Quotation marks used with quotes within quotes

Note that we use the actual page numbers for the poem here, not line numbers. We would therefore list a print poem in a Works Cited list along the following lines:. Cohen, Leonard.

Edwards, Victor Gollancz Ltd, , pp. For a poem found online, you can reference it as if it were a web page :.


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Date accessed if required. Double-space and begin your text.

In-Text Citation - MLA Style - Research & Citation Guides at University of Wisconsin Whitewater

Quote only words, phrases, lines, and passages that are particularly interesting, vivid, unusual, or apt, and keep all quotations as brief as possible. Overquotation can bore your readers and might lead them to conclude that you are neither an orignal thinker nor a skillful writer" MLA Quoting a passage which is shorter than four lines and is to be incorporated as part of your sentence:. Hawthorne emphasizes the prying character of Roger Chilling worth early in the novel: "The eyes of the wrinkled scholar glowed so intensely upon her, that Hester Prynne clasped her hands over her heart, dreading lest he should read the secret there at once" Hawthorne Note the positions of the quotation marks, citation, and period at the end of the sentence.

If the quotation ends with an exclamation point or question mark, that punctuation is included INSIDE the quotation mark. You can use a full sentence followed by a colon to introduce a quotation. Examples: The setting emphasizes deception: "Nothing is as it appears" Smith 1. Piercy ends the poem on an ironic note: "To every woman a happy ending" You can also begin a sentence with your own words, then complete it with quoted words.

Examples: Hamlet's task is to avenge a "foul and most unnatural murder" Shakespeare To quote a critic or researcher, you can use an introductory phrase naming the source, followed by a comma. Examples: According to Smith, "[W]riting is fun" In Smith's words, ". In Smith's view, ". Another way to introduce a critic's words is to use a descriptive verb, followed by a comma. Examples: Smith states, "This book is terrific" Smith remarks, ". Smith writes, ".

You can also begin a sentence with your own words, then complete it with quoted words.