scope of research dissertation

“Critical thinkers” have the dispositions and abilities that lead them to think .. well as beliefs as the end point of a process of critical thinking (Ennis ; Bailin et al. .. tests of critical reading and evaluation and of critiquing an argument. Observational abilities require an understanding of the difference.

In other words, authors should prove the considerable adjustment made and value added in their submissions. Concise and informative. Avoid abbreviations. The title should predict the content of the research article, be interesting to the reader. Preferably, the title should reflect the tone of the writing and contain important keywords of the research paper.

Author names and affiliations.

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Full names should be provided. The authors should clearly separate the first and second names as it is important for the proper writing of citation record. Please indicate affiliations of the author. Indicate the corresponding address of the main author. Indicate all affiliations with a lower-case superscript letter immediately after the Author's name and in front of the appropriate address. Contacts of the authors. Ensure that telephone and fax numbers with country and area code are provided in addition to the e-mail address and the complete postal address.

Authors should write not narrative, but structured style of the abstract. Structured abstracts are becoming more popular for basic scientific and clinical studies, since they standardize the abstract and ensure that certain information is included. This is very useful for readers who search for articles on the internet.

Medical Treatment Essay

Often the abstract is displayed by a search engine, and on the basis of the abstract the reader will decide whether or not to download the full article. With a structured abstract, the reader is more likely to be given the information which they need to decide whether to go on to the full article, and so this style is encouraged". Guidelines to the writing of case studies. The Journal of the Canadian Chiropractic Association. In most cases, the background can be framed in just 2—3 sentences, with each sentence describing a different aspect of the information referred to above; sometimes, even a single sentence may suffice.

How to write a good abstract for a scientific paper or conference presentation. Indian Journal of Psychiatry. Methods used. The methods section is usually the second-longest section in the abstract. It should contain enough information to enable the reader to understand what was done, and how. The results section is the most important part of the abstract and nothing should compromise its range and quality. This is because readers who peruse an abstract do so to learn about the findings of the study. The results section should, therefore, be the longest part of the abstract and should contain as much detail about the findings as the journal word count permits.

This important section shoul cover: the primary take-home message; the additional findings of importance; and the perspective. Graphics should be done in MS Word and must be editable. Tables should be numbered consecutively in the text in Arabic numerals and printed on separate sheets. Any manuscript which does not conform to the above instructions may be returned for the necessary revision before publication. The use of footnotes should be kept to a minimum and numbered consecutively throughout the text with superscript Arabic numerals.

The author should make sure that there is a strict one-to-one correspondence between the names and years in the text and those on the list. The list of references should appear at the end of the main text. It should be double-spaced and listed in alphabetical order by author's name. We have changed the citation style.

Journal articles:. Therefore, the text may partially or completely coincide with the requirements in other publisher's journals. Publisher and editorial board follow principles to avoid bad practices related to ghostwriting, plagiarism, and predatory publishing practices. To agree with the authorship and avoid the conflicts we ask for the declaration of contribution from the corresponding author.

To avoid extensive self-citation practice we ask authors to use correct and relevant referencing to own research works published earlier. Ethical conduct in both writing and editing is necessary in order to provide the readers with accurate, useful and reliable scientific material, as well as to appropriately honor the credits of particular researchers and authors.

Therefore, compliance with the following standards of publication ethics is required of all contributors of the ATI, including authors, reviewers, and editors.

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Violation of any of these standards by an author is a basis for rejection of his or her paper submitted for publication. In publishing only original research, the editors are committed to deterring plagiarism, including self-plagiarism. Editors can use special software to screen submitted manuscripts for similarity to published material.

Note that your manuscript may be screened during the whole editorial cycle, including submission process and until the final publication in online or print form. Conflict of interest concerning a particular manuscript exists when one of the participants of reviewing or publication process - an author, reviewer, or editor - has obligations that can influence his or her action.

Conflicts can occur for financial e. All participants in the peer-review and publication process must disclose all conflicts of interests. Editorial staff may use information disclosed in conflict-of-interest and financial-interest statements as a basis for editorial decisions. The corresponding author must advise the editor at the time of submission either that there is no conflict of interest to declare, or should disclose potential conflicts of interest that will be acknowledged in the published article. It is improper for an author to submit manuscripts describing essentially the same research to more than one journal of primary publication unless it is a resubmission of a manuscript rejected for or withdrawn from publication. An author should cite those publications that have been important in the development of the submitted study and that will guide the reader to the earlier researchers that are essential for understanding the present analysis.

2017 Research Highlights from Johns Hopkins Medicine

An author is obligated to perform a literature search to find, and then cite, the original publications that describe closely related work. An author should provide the accurate citation the verified sources of scientific data and literature. During manuscript submission, the submitting author must provide contact information full name, email address, institutional affiliation and mailing address for all of the coauthors.

The author who submits the manuscript for publication accepts the responsibility of notifying all coauthors that the manuscript is being submitted. The corresponding author must fill in and sign the declaration of contribution in case there are two authors or more which should be submitted together with the manuscript. The co-authors of a paper should be all those persons who have made significant scientific contributions to the work reported and who share responsibility and accountability for the results.

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Authors should appropriately recognize the contributions of technical staff and data professionals. If the original research study reported in the manuscript or the preparation of the manuscript was supported by one or more grants, the title and number of the grant s and the name of the institution s that provided the grants or financial support to conduct, analyze or write-up the study should be specified in the manuscript. Fragmentation of research reports should be avoided. A scientist should organize publication so that it provides a well-rounded description of an examined issue.

Fragmentation consumes journal space excessively and unduly complicates literature searches.

2. Read the article properly

The journal is peer-reviewed publication. Submitted papers and short communications are evaluated by editorial board members or specialized in the article field referees. After the refereeing process is complete, the paper may be rejected, or returned to the authors for revisions, or accepted for publication. The editorial staff reserves the right to shorten and review the articles submitted. Editors may request an author, when it is necessary, to develop content or technical details of articles.

Using reference management software

Scientific editing might change the format and correct the writing to make it conventional with the editorial policy of the journal. Pictures and graphs are special subjects for editorial consideration. We seek to keep their quantity optimal and only necessary in content. Images should be free from misleading manipulation. When images are included in an account of research performed or in the data collection as part of the research, an accurate description of how the images were generated and produced should be provided.